Identity Centrality and In-Group Superiority Differentially Predict Reactions to Historical Victimization and Harm Doing
Two U.S. studies report a differential effect of identity centrality and in-group superiority on reactions to in-group victimization and in-group harm-doing. Study
1 (N = 80) found that higher identity centrality predicted less justification for freely-recalled in-group victim events, whereas higher in-group superiority predicted
more justification for freely-recalled in-group harm-doing events. Study 2 (N = 105) reexamined these findings in specific contexts of historical victimization
(Pearl Harbor) and harm-doing (Hiroshima and Nagasaki), finding that in-group superiority was a predictor of reactions to historical in-group harm-doing
(justification, emotional reactions, importance of events), whereas centrality was a predictor of reactions to historical in-group victimization.
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