Unobserved Heterogeneity between Individuals in Group-Focused Enmity

Authors

  • Maria-Therese Friehs FernUniversität in Hagen, Germany
  • Judith Masselmann Osnabrück University, Germany
  • Maike Trautner Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Germany
  • Patrick Ferdinand Kotzur Durham University, United Kingdom
  • Peter Schmidt Centre for International Development and Environment (ZEU), Justus-Liebig-University Gießen & University of Mainz, Germany

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11576/ijcv-5266

Abstract

Group-focused enmity (GFE) and related research have mostly focused on variable-centred analyses such as structural equation modelling and factor analysis, implicitly assuming that the results apply uniformly to all participants in the sample. Person-centred research questions and analysis methods, which investigate unobserved heterogeneity in the sample, have been lacking in GFE research. Nonetheless, initial evidence exists from research on Islamophobia and GFE that various unobserved latent classes (i.e., subgroups) differing in their average prejudice can be identified within one dataset. In this manuscript, we applied factor mixture modelling to investigate unobserved heterogeneity using the data of the German GFE survey 2011. We found two latent classes of equivalent factor-analytical composition with consistently high versus low expressions of target-specific prejudice. No comparison of latent GFE means was possible. Membership in the high prejudice latent class was associated with higher age, right-wing political orientation, high right-wing authoritarianism and high social dominance orientation. Our findings demonstrate the importance of exploring unobserved heterogeneity in attitudes research and outline how person-centred research can complement variable-centred research in order to understand social-psychological phenomena.

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Further information

Published

2022-04-13

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