Spousal Violence against Women in the Context of Marital Inequality: Perspectives of Pakistani Religious Leaders

  • Rubeena Zakar Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University
  • Muhammad Zakria Zakar Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore
  • Alexander Krämer Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University

Abstract

Spousal violence against women is a controversial issue in Pakistan. Some religious leaders argue that “mild wife-beating” is permissible in exceptional circumstances to discipline the wife and protect the institution of the family. Some conservative religious leaders also argue that the husband has a superior and authoritative position in marital relations. This highly contested and sensitive issue acquires religious overtones and the scientific community seems reluctant to investigate it. Based on fourteen in-depth interviews, this article documents the views and opinions of religious leaders in Lahore, Pakistan, concerning spousal violence within the context of marital inequality. Rather than debating the position of Islam on spousal violence, the paper explores the minds of religious leaders who greatly influence the views of the general public.

Author Biographies

Rubeena Zakar, Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University

Doctoral Candidate

Department of Public Health Medicine,
School of Public Health
Bielefeld University, Germany

Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore

Presently: Guest-professor

Department of Public Health Medicine,
School of Public Health
Bielefeld University, Germany

Permanent position: Professor of Sociology

Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore

Pakistan

 


 

Alexander Krämer, Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University

Professor and Head

Department of Public Health Medicine,
School of Public Health
Bielefeld University, Germany

Published
2011-10-04
Section
Open Section