Identity Centrality and In-Group Superiority Differentially Predict Reactions to Historical Victimization and Harm Doing

Rezarta Bilali

Abstract


Two U.S. studies report a differential effect of identity centrality and in-group superiority on reactions to in-group victimization and in-group harm-doing. Study1 (N = 80) found that higher identity centrality predicted less justification for freely-recalled in-group victim events, whereas higher in-group superiority predictedmore justification for freely-recalled in-group harm-doing events. Study 2 (N = 105) reexamined these findings in specific contexts of historical victimization(Pearl Harbor) and harm-doing (Hiroshima and Nagasaki), finding that in-group superiority was a predictor of reactions to historical in-group harm-doing(justification, emotional reactions, importance of events), whereas centrality was a predictor of reactions to historical in-group victimization.

Keywords


inter-group violence, victim, perpetrator, ingroup identification, identity centrality, ingroup superiority

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International Journal of Conflict and Violence (ISSN 1864-1385) - Imprint
Supported by the Ministry of Innovation, Science and Research North Rhine-Westphalia.